Education System



 

Colleges and universities
A university is a larger institution often having more than one college for example law, medical and dental schools or business or other specialized schools. Colleges range from huge state-supported university systems to small liberal arts and religious schools. Two year colleges, often called community colleges, award the Associate of Arts degree (A.A.).
They accept most applicants, are often public supported, and have lower tuition than four-year schools. And also four year colleges called undergraduate schools which form the mainstream of American higher education. Admission requirements, courses offered, residence facilities and other features will vary widely. These colleges give bachelor’s degrees, usually a bachelor of arts (B.A.) or a bachelor of science (B.S.). For local students private colleges can be extremely expensive. Students with financial difficulties have access to a well-developed system of financial aid, however, which can dramatically reduce costs through a combination of grants, loans, and work-study programs.

Type of colleges

The below list show the colleges in the eastern part of the United State in various activity.

  • • The Harvard, Princeton and Yale--are known as the Ivy League because of the characteristic ivy plants that frequently grow on the sides of their beautiful old buildings.
  • • The Other colleges, especially some of the large state schools, are known as football or basketball schools due to their emphasis on athletics.
  • • Most colleges are co-educational (co-ed), meaning that they accept both men and women, though many single-sex colleges still exist.
  • • Colleges and universities with religious affiliations are widely found in America. Some, though not all, give or require religious instruction along with academic subjects. Most major religious groups in America have their own systems of sponsored colleges.

Five top institutes

1) University of Pennsylvania, Wharton (MBA): upenn.edu
2) University of California, Berkeley (MBA): Berkeley.edu
3) University of Michigan (MBA): umich.edu
4) Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Computer Science): web.mit.edu
5) Carnegie Mellon University (Computer Science): .cmu.edu

Eligibility to apply to universities in USA

The application process is very systematic, democratic and merit-driven. There are several criteria that you need to consider while narrowing down your options: Cost, availability of funding, course, curriculum, acceptance and enrolment rate, internships, co-operative programs, diversity of student body, library holdings, research facilities, faculty profile, specifics of the locality, past students' experiences etc.

Every student is different, and it is essential to consider the factors that are important to one's education and lifestyle. For some of you cost of the course may be the most important while for others, it may be the diversity of the student body. Prospective UG students are usually recommended to apply to 10 institutions, Masters Students to eight to 10 and doctoral to six to eight.

Commencement of semester/s:

Variety being the bedrock of the US education, entry dates vary from institution to institution and from department to department within an institution.

Deadline for applying:

The standard entry time is August / September (For the Fall semester) of the academic year. Optional entry dates are in Jan. / Feb. (Spring). Occasionally you can find programs that will take in students in the winter quarter (Nov./ Dec.) and in summer (May/June).

Application Race (For Fall 2006):
1) April - May '05: Decision
2) June - August '05: Pre-app. shortlist
3) May - Oct '05: Taking tests
4) Nov '05 - March '06: Apply
5) April - June '06: Admission decision
6) April - Aug. '06: Visa counsel
7) May - Aug. '06: Apply for student visa
8) July - Aug. '06: Pre- departure orientation

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